Petra-Arabians Stud

Arabian Horses are born to be spoiled. Yassmin Atieh

                                      The old Line Abu/Umm Argub

 Horse shoe window at the Royal Jordanain Stables

Photo by Mr: Joseph Ferriss 1996

   I never had the chance to know about this rare strain until I received my filly, Haifa. She is the first to carry this strain in Egypt, her Filly Yassmin AlPetra is a broodmare at the farm.

  The Argub strain has different ways to be spelled as Princess Alia said "The strain names are spelt differently in English by whoever writes them as they are just paraphrases of the words which we spell in Arabic with a different alphabet and everyone approximates the sounds as seems logical to them, hence the confusion. I spelt it as it appears in our Stud Book. "


The WAHO Trophy For Haifa's Aunt Al Hamama out of Halima


Also Written as :

Argub, Argoob, Arqub, Urqub, Margoob, Urkob, Arkub .

 Also as it is a substrain from the Kohailan -Kuhaylan- strain you may find these names :

Kuhaylan Umm Arqub
Kuhaylan Ajuz Umm Arqub
Kuhaylan Abu Arqub
Kuhaylan Abu Umm Arqub
Kuhaylan Jellabi Umm Arqub
Kuhaylan Krushan Umm Arqub

 Carl Raswan lists Abu Urqub (Urqub) as a substrain in 'The Black Tents of Arabia           

Please click on strains.bmp to enlarge or save. In the right column

 you will notice, that Argub is enlisted as a substrain itself and also

in different substrains.


 Other Argub substrains are :

 Al Hadeb

 Umm Argub is added to a female horse.

 Abu Argub is added to a male horse.

  As I inquired a lot about this strain, the following is what I collected with the help of some friends from the Straight Forum :

  It is a Very Old Jordanian strain, Present also in Yemen and Sirya as in the


WAHO conference said :

  "The Keheilet Um Arqub strain has probably produced some of the most famous horses in recent history. In Lady Anne Blunt’s book, sometimes you can read that she asked Mutlaq about the Keheilet Um Arqub but he didn’t know about them. There are lots of theories and stories about where this strain came from, but we do know that it’s a very good strain, which is believed to have first belonged to the Bani Sakhr tribe in today’s Jordan. Ibn Saoud and the Ruwala also bred that strain, and the most important breeder of this strain in recent years was Nawaf al-Saleh, the Sheikh of the Hadideen of the Wuld Ali. An old Arab proverb says the Um Arqub cannot be faulted."

A friend of mine SKM Said :

  "Although this strain is best known in Jordan, it is still also flourishing in neighboring Syria to this day. Several Bedouin tribes have this strain, including the Tai, Sebaa Anezah, Al Naim, Al Baqqarah and Al Hadideen.
As regards other stud books, mares of this strain were exported from the desert to many countries. Just to name a few - Schammare (1844) was exported from Syria to France in 1850; Suhulie (1868) was exported from Syria to France in 1874; and Hasbani (1881) was exported from Syria to France in 1887. Sadly all these direct tail-female lines have died out now. Probably the best known mare in the sense that hers is now quite a large family, was Semrie (1896) who was exported from Syria to Hungary around 1901 and her line spread on through Poland and to USA and Europe and now, world-wide.
Quite a few stallions of this strain were also exported to many countries. For just one example, Abu-Argub (1883) imported to Poland in 1890, was the sire of many offspring between 1892 and 1903."

  My dear friend Jenny Lees From UK said :

  "This is definitely one of the many substrains of Kehailan. For females it is generally shown in western stud books as "Kehailet Umm Argub" and for males it is generally shown as Kehailan Abu Argub. (The spelling may differ of course depending on who translated from Arabic and into what language - you will see many variations including Em Arkub, Abou Argoub, Om Arquob, Abu'Arqub, Abu-Argub, and so on). Sometimes the word 'Kehaileh' or 'Kehailan' at the front is dropped because this is such an old and well known strain in its own right.

  one of the famous mares of the Umm Argub Strain is
Nasseb who produced two daughters, Al Johara (by Hamdani) and Al Yamama I (by Kehilan). Both were also bred and owned by H.M. King Abdullah of Transjordan. Through these two daughters she founded an important dynasty in Jordan. This is the only female line in Jordan of that particular original desert-bred strain and it is highly valued. Some of the best stallions bred at the Royal Jordanian State Stud are from this family and this strain, such as the famous greys, Madrid and Bahar. 

  Another well-known family in Europe of this strain is that tracing to Semrie OA (216 Semrie) grey mare born in 1896 and imported to Babolna (Hungary) in 1902. From there it also spread to Poland and throughout the world.

  The strain also still exists in Syria to this day, where they keep the Kehailan prefix and show the strain name in full."

My Friend Nasser Darawshi Said : 

  "Another example is the mare "Om Aurqoob" named so,the story has it, for a twisted hock she obtained on trying to get loose from her ties in a time of a raid, her master sprung over her back while she was still tied and the rope twisted around her leg and she rushed into battle pulling the tying stick from the ground. Her master's tribe prevailed and saved their flocks and souls and she was ridden hard to the end of the battle despite the rope twisted tight around her hock and as a result her hock became twisted. This mare too became famous for her bearing and courage and became sought after and deserved to have her own line named after her so everybody knows that a certain horse goes back to that glorious mare."

 Found this in one of the internet sites about the Polish Arabian horse history :

 Fadllah returned to the desert for more Arabs and returned with four mares, including Semrie of the Umm Argub strain and stallions Mersuch and Siglavy Bagdady. 



Horses at the Royal Jordanian Stables -Archive Photo-

 Horses At the Royal Jordanian Stables with the Argub strain:

Stallions :

Abu Argub ( Selman EAO X Al Yamama I by Naseeb )

Al Dahabi ( Ushaahe Sp.S.B. X Alia by Sabal I by Al Johara)

Bahar ( Ushaahe Sp.S.B. X Sabal I by Al Johara )

Madrid ( Abu Argub X Al Yamama II by Al Johara )


RJS Horses and team preparing for the annual Middle East Arabian horse show

photo by photodude 2006

Mares :

Al Johara ( Hamdani X Naseeb )

Al Yamama I ( Kehilan X Naseeb )

Al Yamama II ( Al Abjer X Al Johara )

Sabal I ( Kehilan X  Al Johara )

Alia ( Kubeyshan X Sabal I )

Sabal II ( Ushaahe X Lubri I )

Lurbi I ( Selman EAO X Sabal I )

Huseima ( Madrid X Sabal II by Lurbi I )

Nasrah ( Abu argub X Sabal I )

Siham ( Madrid X Nasrah by Sabal I )

Halima ( Baharein X Huseima )

Sarra ( Bahrarein X Huseima ) 


Ornate horse watering trough at the RJS

Photo by Mr: Joseph Ferriss 1996


  There are a lot of Umm Argub strain horses at the RJS these days, what I just wrote are the first foundation mares and stallions and I’m afraid I did not write every single horse there, but to be honest while reading and researching in the Royal Jordanian Stud books, I was fascinated by the different kind of strains and crosses allowing lots of varieties to produce great horses over decades.

  I'm so proud to own such a lovely mare bred by this great historical stable.

Yassmin Atieh - 2008

One of the RJS mares with her foal